Theory

Gravitational Physics

Gravitational waves are a long-sought manifestation of Einstein's general theory of relativity. They carry information about regions of the universe inaccessible to electromagnetic astronomy, such as orbiting black holes and the interiors of neutron stars. With experiments such as LIGO now operational, the next few years will be an exciting time on the interface of theory and experiment.

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "All-sky Search for Periodic Gravitational Waves in the Full S5 LIGO Data," Phys. Rev. D **85**, 022001 (2012)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Beating the spin-down limit on gravitational wave emission from the Vela pulsar," Astrophys. J. **737**, 93 – 108 (2011)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for Gravitational Wave Bursts from Six Magnetars," Astrophys. J. Lett. **734**, L35 (2011)

A. Corsi and B. J. Owen, "Maximum gravitational-wave energy emissible in magnetar flares," Phys. Rev. D **83**, 104014 (2011)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "A search for gravitational waves associated with the August 2006 timing glitch of the Vela pulsar," Phys. Rev. D **83**, 042001 (2011)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational waves from binary black hole inspiral, merger and ringdown," Phys. Rev. D **83**, 122005 (2011)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Directional Limits on Persistent Gravitational Waves Using LIGO S5 Science Data," Phys. Rev. Lett. **107**, 271102 (2011)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "A gravitational wave observatory operating beyond the quantum shot-noise limit," Nature Phys. **7**, 962 – 965 (2011)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "First search for gravitational waves from the youngest known neutron star," Astrophys. J. **722**, 1504 – 1513 (2010)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational-wave inspiral signals associated with short Gamma-Ray Bursts during LIGO's fifth and Virgo's first science run," Astrophys. J. **715**, 1453 – 1461 (2010)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational-wave bursts associated with gamma-ray bursts using data from LIGO Science Run 5 and Virgo Science Run 1," Astrophys. J. **715**, 1438 – 1452 (2010)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars with Science Run 5 LIGO data," Astrophys. J. **713**, 671 – 685 (2010)

B. J. Owen, "How to adapt broad-band gravitational-wave searches for r-modes," Phys. Rev. D **82**, 104002 (2010)

L. Lindblom, J. G. Baker and B. J. Owen, "Improved Time-Domain Accuracy Standards for Model Gravitational Waveforms," Phys. Rev. D **82**, 084020 (2010)

N. Yunes, R. OShaughnessy, B. J. Owen and S. H. S. Alexander, "Testing gravitational parity violation with coincident gravitational waves and short gamma-ray bursts," Phys. Rev. D **82**, 064017 (2010)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for Gravitational Waves from Compact Binary Coalescence in LIGO and Virgo Data from S5 and VSR1," Phys. Rev. D **82**, 102001 (2010)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "All-sky search for gravitational-wave bursts in the first joint LIGO-GEO-Virgo run," Phys. Rev. D **81**, 102001 (2010)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Predictions for the Rates of Compact Binary Coalescences Observable by Ground-based Gravitational-wave Detectors," Class. Quantum Gravity **27**, 173001 (2010)

J. Abadie, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Calibration of the LIGO Gravitational Wave Detectors in the Fifth Science Run," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A **624**, 223 – 240 (2010)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Stacked Search for Gravitational Waves from the 2006 SGR 1900+14 Storm," Astrophys. Lett. **701**, L68 – L74 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "An upper limit on the stochastic gravitational-wave background of cosmological origin," Nature **460**, 990 – 994 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational-wave bursts in the first year of the fifth LIGO science run," Phys. Rev. D **80**, 102001 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for High Frequency Gravitational Wave Bursts in the First Calendar Year of LIGO's Fifth Science Run," Phys. Rev. D **80**, 102002 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for Gravitational Waves from Low Mass Compact Binary Coalescence in 186 Days of LIGO's fifth Science Run," Phys. Rev. D **80**, 047101 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational wave ringdowns from perturbed black holes in LIGO S4 data," Phys. Rev. D **80**, 062001 (2009)

N. K. Johnson-McDaniel, N. Yunes, W. Tichy and B. J. Owen, "Conformally curved binary black hole initial data including tidal deformations and outgoing radiation," Phys. Rev. D **80**, 124039 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "First LIGO search for gravitational wave bursts from cosmic (super)strings," Phys. Rev. D **80**, 062002 (2009)

P. Kalmus, K. C. Cannon, S. Marka and B. J. Owen, "Stacking gravitational wave signals from soft gamma repeater bursts," Phys. Rev. D **80**, 042001 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Einstein@Home search for periodic gravitational waves in early S5 LIGO data," Phys. Rev. D **80**, 042003 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for Gravitational Waves from Low Mass Binary Coalescences in the First Year of LIGO's S5 Data," Phys. Rev. D **79**, 122001 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Einstein@Home search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data," Phys. Rev. D **79**, 022001 (2009)
Abstract/Comments

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "All-sky LIGO Search for Periodic Gravitational Waves in the Early S5 Data," Phys. Rev. Lett. **102**, 111102 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "LIGO: The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory," Rep. Prog. Phys. **72**, 076901 (2009)

B. J. Owen, "How photon astronomy affects searches for continuous gravitational waves," Class. Quantum Gravity **26**, 204014 (2009)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Observation of a kilogram-scale oscillator near its quantum ground state," New Jour. Phys. **11**, 073032 (2009)

B. J. Owen, "Probing neutron stars with gravitational waves", (2009) http://www.arxiv.org/abs/0903.2603

B. Krishnan, B. J. Owen, R. Prix and A. M. Sintes, "*Searching for isolated pulsars using Einstein@Home*", (2008)
Abstract/Comments

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Implications for the Origin of GRB 070201 from LIGO Observations," Astrophys. J. **681**, 1419 – 1430 (2008)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Beating the spin-down limit on gravitational wave emission from the Crab pulsar," Astrophys. J. Lett. **683**, L45 – L49 (2008)

L. Lindblom, B. J. Owen and D. A. Brown, "Model Waveform Accuracy Standards for Gravitational Wave Data Analysis," Phys. Rev. D **78**, 124020 (2008)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search of S3 LIGO data for gravitational wave signals from spinning black hole and neutron star binary inspirals," Phys. Rev. D **78**, 042002 (2008)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for Gravitational Waves Associated with 39 Gamma-Ray Bursts Using Data from the Second, Third, and Fourth LIGO Runs," Phys. Rev. D **77**, 062004 (2008)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data," Phys. Rev. D **77**, 022001 (2008)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational waves from binary inspirals in S3 and S4 LIGO data," Phys. Rev. D **77**, 062002 (2008)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for Gravitational Wave Bursts from Soft Gamma Repeaters," Phys. Rev. Lett. **101**, 211102 (2008)

K. Wette, et al., "Searching for gravitational waves from Cassiopeia A with LIGO," Class. Quantum Gravity **25**, 235011 (2008)

L. Baggio, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "A Joint Search for Gravitational Wave Bursts with AURIGA and LIGO," Class. Quantum Gravity **25**, 095004 (2008)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Astrophysically Triggered Searches for Gravitational Waves: Status and Prospects," Class. Quantum Gravity **25**, 114051 (2008)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "First joint search for gravitational-wave bursts in LIGO and GEO600 data," Class. Quantum Gravity **25**, 245008 (2008)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Searching for a stochastic background of gravitational waves with the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory," Astrophys. J. **659**, 918 – 930 (2007)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Coherent searches for periodic gravitational waves from unknown isolated sources and Scorpius X-1: results from the second LIGO science run," Phys. Rev. D **76**, 082001 (2007)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "First cross-correlation analysis of interferometric and resonant-bar gravitational-wave data for stochastic backgrounds," Phys. Rev. D **76**, 022001 (2007)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Upper limit map of a background of gravitational waves," Phys. Rev. D **76**, 082003 (2007)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Upper limits on gravitational wave emission from 78 radio pulsars," Phys. Rev. D **76**, 042001 (2007)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational wave radiation associated with the pulsating tail of the SGR 1806-20 hyperflare of 27 December 2004 using LIGO," Phys. Rev. D **76**, 062003 (2007)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational-wave bursts in LIGO data from the fourth science run," Class. Quantum Gravity **24**, 5343 – 5369 (2007)

N. Yunes, W. Tichy, B. J. Owen and B. BrÃ¼gmann, "Binary black hole initial data from matched asymptotic expansions," Phys. Rev. D **74**, 104011 (2006)
Abstract/Comments

M. Nayyar and B. J. Owen, "R-modes of accreting neutron stars as persistent sources of gravitational waves," Phys. Rev. D **73**, 084001 (2006)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational waves from binary black hole inspirals in LIGO data," Phys. Rev. D **73**, 062001 (2006)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Joint LIGO and TAMA300 search for gravitational waves from inspiralling neutron star binaries," Phys. Rev. D **73**, 102002 (2006)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational-wave bursts in LIGO's third science run," Class. Quantum Gravity **23**, S29 – S39 (2006)

B. J. Owen, "Detectability of periodic gravitational waves by intial interferometers," Class. Quantum Gravity **23**, S1 – S7 (2006)

B. Abbott, et al., "Upper limits from the LIGO and TAMA detectors on the rate of gravitational-wave bursts," Phys. Rev. D **72**, 122004 (2005)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Upper limits on gravitational wave bursts in LIGO's second science run," Phys. Rev. D **72**, 062001 (2005)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational waves from primordial black hole binary coalescences in the galactic halo," Phys. Rev. D **72**, 082002 (2005)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Search for gravitational waves from galactic and extra-galactic binary neutron stars," Phys. Rev. D **72**, 082001 (2005)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "First all-sky upper limits from LIGO on the strength of periodic gravitational waves using the Hough transform," Phys. Rev. D **72**, 102004 (2005)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "A Search for Gravitational Waves Associated with the Gamma Ray Burst GRB030329 Using the LIGO Detectors," Phys. Rev. D **72**, 042002 (2005)
Abstract/Comments

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Upper limits on a stochastic background of gravitational waves," Phys. Rev. Lett. **95**, 221101 (2005)

B. J. Owen, "Maximum elastic deformations of compact stars with exotic equations of state," Phys. Rev. Lett. **95**, 211101 (2005)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Limits on gravitational wave emission from selected pulsars using LIGO data," Phys. Rev. Lett. **94**, 181103 (2005)

B. J. Owen and I. Jones, "*When do the pulsar upper limits become interesting?*", (2004) , LIGO-T040192-00-Z

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Setting upper limits on the strength of periodic gravitational waves from PSR J1939+2134 using the first science data from the GEO 600 and LIGO detectors," Phys. Rev. D **69**, 082004 (2004)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Analysis of LIGO data for gravitational waves from binary neutron stars," Phys. Rev. D **69**, 122001 (2004)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "First upper limits from LIGO on gravitational wave bursts," Phys. Rev. D **69**, 102001 (2004)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Analysis of First LIGO Science Data for Stochastic Gravitational Waves," Phys. Rev. D **69**, 122004 (2004)

B. Allen, G. Woan, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Upper limits on the strength of periodic gravitational waves from PSR J1939+2134," Class. Quantum Gravity **21**, S671 – S676 (2004)

B. Abbott, et al. (LIGO Scientific Collaboration), "Detector description and performance for the first coincidence observations between LIGO and GEO," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A **517**, 154 – 179 (2004)

G. Woan, et al. (GEO600 Collaboration), "The GEO600 gravitational wave detector - pulsar prospects", in *Radio Pulsars*, Ed.: M. Bailes, D. J. Nice, and S. E. Thorsett (Astr. Soc. Pacific, 2003) **302**, p. 351-354

J. Hough, et al. (GEO600 Collaboration), "GEO600: Research, Progress, and Prospects", in *Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity, Gravitation, and Relativistic Field Theories, Part C*, Ed.: V.G. Gurzadyan, R.T. Jantzen, and R. Ruffini (World Scientific, 2002) p. 1845-1846

B. Willke, et al. (GEO600 Collaboration), "The GEO600 gravitational wave detector," Class. Quantum Gravity **19**, 1377 – 1388 (2002)

B. J. Owen and L. Lindblom, "Gravitational radiation from the r-mode instability," Class. Quantum Gravity **19**, 1247 – 1254 (2002)

H. Tagoshi, A. Ohashi and B. J. Owen, "Gravitational field and equations of motion of spinning compact binaries to 2.5 post-Newtonian order," Phys. Rev. D **63**, 044006 (2001)

B. J. Owen, "Gravitational waves from the r-modes of rapidly rotating neutron stars", in *Gravitational Waves*, Ed.: S Meshkov (AIP, 2000) **523**, p. 55-64

B. J. Owen, "Gravitational waves from neutron-star r-modes", in *Gravitational waves and experimental gravity*, Ed.: J Tran Thanh Van et al (Unspecified Publisher, 2000) p. 131-136

L. Lindblom, B. J. Owen and G. Ushomirsky, "Effect of a neutron-star crust on the r-mode instability," Phys. Rev. D **62**, 084030 (2000)

L. Lindblom, G. Mendell and B. J. Owen, "Second-order rotational effects on the r-modes of neutron stars," Phys. Rev. D **60**, 064006 (1999)

B. J. Owen and B. S. Sathyaprakash, "Matched filtering of gravitational waves from inspiraling compact binaries: Computational cost and template placement," Phys. Rev. D **60**, 022002 (1999)

S. Droz, D. Knapp, E. Poisson and B. J. Owen, "Gravitational waves from inspiraling compact binaries: Validity of the stationary-phase approximation to the Fourier transform," Phys. Rev. D **59**, 124016 (1999)

B. Allen, et al., "Observational limit on gravitational waves from binary neutron stars in the galaxy," Phys. Rev. Lett. **83**, 1498 – 1501 (1999)

B. J. Owen, L. Lindblom, C. Cutler, B. F. Schutz, A. Vecchio and N. Andersson, "Gravitational waves from hot young rapidly rotating neutron stars," Phys. Rev. D **58**, 084020 (1998)

B. J. Owen, H. Tagoshi and A. Ohashi, "Non-precessional spin-orbit effects on gravitational waves from inspiraling compact binaries to second post-Newtonian order," Phys. Rev. D **57**, 6168 – 6175 (1998)

L. Lindblom, B. J. Owen and S. M. Morsink, "Gravitational radiation instability in hot young neutron stars," Phys. Rev. Lett. **80**, 4843 – 4846 (1998)

B. J. Owen, "Search templates for gravitational waves from inspiraling binaries: Choice of template spacing," Phys. Rev. D **53**, 6749 – 6761 (1996)

*Gravitational waves from compact objects*, National Science Foundation PHY-0245649*Gravitational waves from compact objects*, National Science Foundation Gravity Theory-PHY-0555628*Gravitational waves from compact objects*, National Science Foundation PHY-0855589

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.